The sharp, vertical spines on the yellowish-grey bark of mature trees’ help distinguish this species from other related species. The young flush turns from brownish-red to yellowish-green upon maturity. The leaves are elliptical in shape, 6.5-25 cm long and 2.5-10 cm broad, with a bluntly tapered base and a minutely pointed apex. Small, white flowers are nearly sessile, usually arranged in compact clusters on a short axis up to 10cm long, and borne at the leaf nodes. The fruit is about 1.0 cm diameter, globose, yellow when ripe, and eaten by birds. Seeds are usually solitary.
Disturbed areas, forest edges.
Native. Ornamental tree. common in forest edges and also in home gardens.