The grooved bark and a collection of roots at the base gives a characteristic feature to the plant. The branches are arranged almost symmetrically in whorls. Leaves are thick and shiny with a prominent midrib, dark green above, pale green with scattered black dots beneath, up to 10 cm long and 5-6 cm broad, larger in young rather than in older trees, elliptic in shape with a tapering base and shortly pointed tip. Stipules enclose the terminal bud like a small cone, but droop off very early. Small creamy white flowers are borne in compact, globose inflorescences (heads) especially during the months of October - February. Fruits are small berries about 1 cm and red in colour.
Coastal areas to rain forest sub-canopy - up to 1000 m.