Leaves- linear, prickles pale greenish, stiffly erect or abruptly bent. Trunk, tree-like when not pruned, prop-roots. Flowers- Inflorescence-terminal and bracteates, male large spicate raceme, female solitary or 2-3 borne together, each surrounded by leaf-like bracts. Fruits- syncarp of angled drupes.
River and stream banks, Paddy field bunds
Live fencing, medicinal, pollen-insect repellent, leaves-mats, boxes, hats