Presented in a Rare Dimension
Stem is about 4 cm thick, spiny, creeping and upturning. Petioles is up to 1 m, with persistent sheath to 20 cm. Leaf-blade is sagittate. Fruits are leathery and warty on top.
Swamps, riverbanks, ditches, moist places in tropical and subtropical forests and home gardens.
Young leaves and petioles - cooked and used as a vegetable. Medicinal