practice of Chena Cultivation extends as far back as 5000 years and is the
oldest form of agriculture farming in Sri Lanka.
cereals, grains and greens were cultivated in a Chena.
farmers cultivated a Chena together. Each village consisted of a Chena and each
villager was given a share of it. Before tilting the Chena, a forest area is
cleared and set on fire. As Chena is a rain-fed cultivation method and seeds
are cast a few days prior to rainfall.
chena crop is safe-guarded from birds and animals using a pambaya (scarecrow) and takeya
(rough metal object that produces loud sounds). A danduvata or wood fence is set up around the chena and farmers
would take lodge in watch huts (Pela)
to look after crops.